However, cloned people are non-natural products and it is unfair for the people who are cloned. Imagine if there are two exactly same Brad Pitt, will he still be the unique actor as before? It challenges human ethnic theory in a brave step, but it is also intolerant for human morality. Human cloning prompts a series of social problems, and it also causes complex family issues.
Moreover, it could make the cloned people suffer psychological blow, and complex family relationships of cloned people will bring future negative impact on both survival and growth. This means a cloned child is the descendant of a single person, while usually the proliferation of human needs the combination of opposite sex. Human cloning could lead some complex family relationship and unethical kinship.
Essay on Benefits of Human Cloning
Specifically, the cloned person will be in an embarrassing position in the family. For a man, the cloned child could either be his son or his twin brother; for a woman, the kid can be her daughter or her twin sister. Someone might desire to clone their dead family member. Cloning might bring back the body of the lost family member, but it absolutely will not be the dead one you know since science cannot guarantee the same characters and thoughts.
Therefore, even though it may have chances to bring the dead back to life, he or she will not be the same person you know before. Ultimately, it could lead to an uncontrollable disaster around the whole world. During the process of researching organ cloning, it is really easy to develop some new diseases which may cause huge consequences. Thus, human cloning has potential danger and it lacks stability as well. On the other hand, others hold that human cloning can bring huge benefits to medical treatments such as organ cloning and fertility problems by promoting scientific progress.
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Particularly, organ cloning provides great chances for those people who need organs. Many people died of shortage of organs. Meanwhile, large amounts of organs are in need, but the offers of human donor organs still keep steady. The process is done by taking the genetic material out of a donor egg, so that you are left with an empty egg.
Then a cell is taken from the organism to be cloned and its nucleus is removed. This nucleus is then transferred into the empty donor egg. Using chemicals or a mild electric shock, the egg is forced to divide, creating an embryo. This embryo is then transferred into the uterus of the host organism.
Therapeutic cloning is performed, not to produce another organism, but to harvest embryonic stem cells for use in medical treatments. Embryonic stem cells are those cells found inside of developing embryos. They can be used to produce a number of different cells including tissue, muscle, and organ cells. The therapeutic cloning process is very similar to that of reproductive cloning, however, instead of implanting the dividing embryo into a host, its stem cells are removed and the embryo dies.
A cell is removed from the patient requiring medical treatment. The nucleus of this cell is removed and inserted into an empty donor egg.
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Division is encouraged through the use of special chemicals or an electric current. The resulting embryonic stem cells are then removed from this embryo and used to treat the patient. Allowing human cloning will mean that a lot of human embryos are created and destroyed. Pro lifers are very against the destroying of these embryos. They believe that human embryos are viable living things with their own rights.
They argue that an embryo has DNA and a complete genome; it has all of the capabilities of growing into a mature human fetus. They say that this disregard for human life would be highly unethical, and that any procedure that has a very high risk of endangering human lives should not be permitted, and therefore there needs to be a ban on human cloning. They believe that human beings have no right to play god. Although these are valid points the pros seem to outweigh the cons. First off when a scientist harvests the embryo, it is only a small cluster of cells.
Though these cells have the potential to grow into more at this point it does not even have a heartbeat. Embryonic stem cells have the potential to grow into many sorts of tissue, and thus to regenerate damaged or dead organs or cells. Stem cells from adults and from umbilical cords and placentas also show therapeutic promise, but many researchers believe that embryonic cells are most versatile and thus offer the best hope of reversing Parkinson's and Alzheimer's disease by regenerating brain tissue, cystic fibrosis and spinal injuries by… Show More.
Essay on Human Cloning The Cloning Controversy Human cloning is a form of cloning that is designed to result in a reproduction of a human being or a human body part. The same values which have been positively used to clone animals could also be utilized to make human clones, even though as of , no researchers had claimed… Words - Pages 9.
9 Advantages and Disadvantages of Cloning Animals | psychaltoyhesupp.tk
Naturalness and Human Cloning Essay Naturalness and Human Cloning The cloning of human beings is an unnatural event and should not be permitted in a society so based in the long term and traditional processes of procreation and evolution. This paper will discuss the possible viewpoints of human cloning in the world, Leon Cass' beliefs about human cloning, and the arguments, rebuttals and counterarguments necessary to establish a multi-faceted view… Words - Pages 3.
niotracedpo.tk Most scientific, governmental and religious organizations oppose reproductive cloning. The American Association for the Advancement of Science AAAS and other scientific organizations have made public statements suggesting that human reproductive cloning be banned until safety issues are resolved.
Advocates of human therapeutic cloning believe the practice could provide genetically identical cells for regenerative medicine , and tissues and organs for transplantation. Both basic research and therapeutic development for serious diseases such as cancer , heart disease , and diabetes , as well as improvements in burn treatment and reconstructive and cosmetic surgery , are areas that might benefit from such new technology.
Appel of New York University , has gone so far as to argue that "children cloned for therapeutic purposes" such as "to donate bone marrow to a sibling with leukemia" may someday be viewed as heroes. Proponents claim that human reproductive cloning also would produce benefits to couples who cannot otherwise procreate. In the early s Severino Antinori and Panos Zavos stirred controversy when they publicly stated plans to create a fertility treatment that allows parents who are both infertile to have children with at least some of their DNA in their offspring.
In Aubrey de Grey 's proposed SENS Strategies for Engineered Negligible Senescence , one of the considered options to repair the cell depletion related to cellular senescence is to grow replacement tissues from stem cells harvested from a cloned embryo. There are also ethical objections.
Article 11 of UNESCO 's Universal Declaration on the Human Genome and Human Rights asserts that the reproductive cloning of human beings is contrary to human dignity,  that a potential life represented by the embryo is destroyed when embryonic cells are used,  and there is a significant likelihood that cloned individuals would be biologically damaged, due to the inherent unreliability of cloning technology. Ethicists have speculated on difficulties that might arise in a world where human clones exist.
For example, human cloning might change the shape of family structure by complicating the role of parenting within a family of convoluted kinship relations.
For example, a female DNA donor would be the clone's genetic twin, rather than mother, complicating the genetic and social relationships between mother and child as well as the relationships between other family members and the clone. Proponents of animal rights argue that non-human animals possess certain moral rights as living entities and should therefore be afforded the same ethical considerations as human beings.
This would negate the exploitation of animals in scientific research on cloning, cloning used in food production, or as other resources for human use or consumption.
Religious views of cloning are mixed. Jewish view on cloning is unclear, but some orthodox rabbis allows cloning as a method of reproduction if not other method is available. Also Jewish religion treats all life equally even if it was formed by cloning. Most of the Christian churches, including World council of Churches and United Methodist Church, opposes the research of cloning of either human embryos or whole human.
According to the fatwa issued by Sheikh Yusuf Al-Qaradawi in the topic of cloning, Islam is in oppose of Human cloning. According to Islam, cloning of entire human body is forbidden because of the following reasons:. Islam allows and recommends cloning of a specific part of human body for purpose of treatment.
Animal cloning is allowed in islam only if it bring benefits to all people and no harm is caused to animal used in process. On December 28, , the U. Food and Drug Administration FDA approved the consumption of meat and other products from cloned animals. Furthermore, companies would not be required to provide labels informing the consumer that the meat comes from a cloned animal.