Such vehicles run on diesel or gasoline. As a result, they emit substances such as carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides, hydrocarbons and particulate matter.
It is these substances that cause air pollution. Air pollution then leads to health problems like asthma, lung cancer, emphysema, heart disease, and death. A growing number of governments are addressing air pollution by promoting the use of electric vehicles.
Unlike traditional motor vehicles, electric vehicles do not run on diesel or gasoline. Electric vehicles therefore do not emit air pollutants. Furthermore, electric vehicles are very economical—they help motorists reduce fuel consumption.
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Consequently, city governments are implementing various measures that aim to convince people to choose electric vehicles over traditional motor vehicles. Beijing, for instance, intends to build , electric vehicle charging stations between and China has also imposed tight restrictions on new registrations for traditional cars and granted generous subsidies to motorists buying electric vehicles.
In , the Indian government announced that only electric cars will be sold in India by Nagpur helps the Indian government fulfill its vow by being the first Indian city to have an electric public transport system.
This facility — a collaboration between taxi aggregator Ola, carmaker Mahindra, and the Indian government — started in May All-electric vehicles produce zero direct emissions, which specifically helps improve air quality in urban areas. Plug-in hybrid electric vehicles PHEVs , which have a gasoline engine in addition to an electric motor, produce evaporative emissions from the fuel system as well as tailpipe emissions when operating on gasoline.
Electric Car Myth Buster — Well-To-Wheel Emissions
However, because most PHEVs are more efficient than comparable conventional vehicles, they still produce fewer tailpipe emissions even when relying on gasoline. For example, for a conventional gasoline vehicle, emissions are produced when petroleum is extracted from the ground, refined to gasoline, distributed to stations, and burned in vehicles.
Like direct emissions, life cycle emissions include a variety of harmful pollutants and GHGs.
All vehicles produce substantial life cycle emissions, and calculating them is complex. However, EVs typically produce fewer life cycle emissions than conventional vehicles because most emissions are lower for electricity generation than burning gasoline or diesel. The exact amount of these emissions depends on your electricity mix, which varies by geographic location. While the U.